PostHeaderIcon 10 Steps towards Advancing Youth Hockey in Illinois

By Paul O’Donnell

Over the last few years, our Chicago Blackhawks have emerged from professional hockey’s scrapheap and are just now beginning to poise themselves, for National Hockey League immortality. I think many would agree that it’s not a matter of “if” they will bring professional hockey’s version of the Holy Grail back to Chicago, but rather “when” this monumental task will be accomplished.

But, before it happens, shouldn’t our entire hockey community be asking some serious questions?

  • Will we be ready for the biggest youth hockey boom to hit this area since the late 1960s and 70s?
  • Will our youth hockey organizations have enough experienced coaches to effectively train the massive influx of an entirely new generation of young hockey players that will inevitably follow a Blackhawks World Championship?
  • Or, will we allow history to repeat itself, and let the second chance of a hockey lifetime elude us, as it did 40 years ago and which prevented us from reaching greater levels of youth hockey respectability back then?

Hopefully, the movers and shakers who make all the decisions in our hockey community are pondering these issues as we speak.

I would like to give all of you my own, simple outline for youth hockey success. In this article, I’ll start by introducing the first five of my ten common sense solutions towards improving youth hockey.

1. Implement more effective training procedures for all our players at the Learn to Skate level.

I think we could all agree on the premise that receiving proper hockey skills training as early as possible during a player’s development is a lot easier than having to break bad habits later on. In USA hockey’s American Developmental Model (ADM) they suggests that our best coaches should be training our least experienced players. But a crucial question is is:  How do we get our most experienced coaches, those who have the skills and knowledge, to perform this crucial task effectively?

The answer is simple: We should pay them.

But, even if we could entice our area’s best and brightest hockey minds to participate, would it really be a good utilization of our human resources? Wouldn’t it be far better to have our top coaches  begin developing  an entirely new and cutting edge method of training to an entirely new generation of young and willing coaching applicants who could learn and  accomplish this task almost as well?

While this may seem like a daunting task, the model that could be used is already in place. For many years referees have been trained and have been compensated through a very successful structure which can be a template for learn to skate coaching applicants who are just beginning to develop a passion for coaching.  Many of you reading this are probably thinking: “Sounds great but who’s going to pay for these applicants”?

I propose a Learn to Skate fund from which those learn to skate coaches are compensated; perhaps a $5 fee at the beginning of the year contributed by house and travel parents alike.   The simple fact is that we would all reap the benefits that would be produced by developing a higher standard of training during the most crucial phase of a player’s development.

If our youth hockey community did nothing else but alter our approach to learn to skate training it could deliver significant dividends in our players’ development.

2. Establish a hockey skills rating system for players at the Mite and Squirt levels.

The criteria for advancing a player to a more difficult level of youth hockey shouldn’t be whether there’s an open roster spot available or if a parent happens to be drinking buddy of one of the coaches.  Why we simply can’t fathom the idea of establishing simple guidelines for skating and stickhandling proficiency after four decades of youth hockey in our state is beyond me.  There is no reasonable excuse why we shouldn’t be able to begin establishing the groundwork for such a system in the very near future. It seems to work pretty well for the figure skating side.

3. Completely reorganize House League hockey at the Mite level.

How many of you reading this article right now have ever considered the prospect of taking up hockey as an adult?   What if, instead of playing in a hockey league with players of the same caliber as yourself, you were faced with the daunting prospect of playing with and competing against skaters with a wide range of physical skills and abilities?

I’m sure just the thought of trying keep up with the most experienced players in this fictitious league wouldn’t sound  that appealing to many.  While, I think many of us would agree that this prospect doesn’t sound very enjoyable, why do we force our newest players to endure this very same scenario?

I doubt, many would disagree with me if I said that during full ice games probably 20% of the players who compete at this level probably perform 80% of all the puckhandling duties. During this crucial phase of their development these young skaters want to be participating in real hockey league games just like every other youth hockey player.  But, without the puck “touches” where’s the enjoyment; indeed, where’s the skill training?   For those who aren’t one of the “elite” 20%, we’re wasting time and resources playing on full ice.?

According to USA Hockey estimates, over 43% of all youth hockey players quit the game by the time they’re 9 years old. If we ever hope to reduce this alarming attrition rate we’re going to have to find new and innovative ways to train and retain our youngest talent.

Instead of playing full ice games, why not throw the bumpers out at the redline and put the clock on “buzzer time.”  Get rid of the icings, the offsides and everything else that impedes creativity and most of all fun at this age bracket.

This type of small games format,” without all of the ridged rules of league play that these very young player will be facing soon enough, could still be considered league competition and would count in the standings as real games.

At this stage of their development, these players don’t care about things like offsides, icing or even face-offs.  All they really want to do is have a chance of bumping into the puck every once in a while or even have the exciting possibility of scoring their first goal.

“Are these very young hockey players ‘really’ playing this rigidly structured league hockey in the name of hockey development or to provide a “show” for mom and dad?

Think of all the savings in maximizing the utilization of valuable ice slots. You could easily have two half-ice games going at once or have one game and one practice going at the same time. Wouldn’t you agree with me that this would be a much better utilization of ice time resources than the way our system is currently structured?

4. Split travel house league teams into multiple divisions by ability.

Many people in our hockey community are under the impression that coaching at the travel house level, the way it is currently structured, is a fairly easy coaching proposition. While not everyone will agree with me on this point this perception couldn’t be more wrong. If anything, with the possible exception of coaching  learn to skate players, this level is by far the most difficult training challenge that a coach ever faces.  The problem that travel house coaches are confronted with annually isn’t the physical skills or abilities of these hockey players, it’s the wide range of physical skill and abilities that coaches are faced with every season.

If anything, travel coaches actually have it a lot easier with respect to their team’s training regimen and development of the players. This is because travel coaches have the luxury of picking and choosing the players they want through their tryouts. With few exceptions the skills and abilities of almost all of a travel coach’s team members will always be much closer to each other in skill level than a travel house team. Travel house programs don’t have tryouts or cuts, they have evaluations and drafts that decide which players are going to be on what teams.

While I have no problem with the no –cut system that is currently in place, the process of team selection and the league structure the way it is now, creates a difficult conundrum for coaches to overcome. Trying to establish an effective training regimen, as well as satisfying all of their players developmental needs throughout the season, can be a difficult proposition.  Let me explain myself a little further.

As I stated before, your average house league team during any given year is made up of players with a wide variety of skills and abilities.  If we were to rate every player on a scale of 1 to 10, with 10 being the team’s most skilled player and 1 being the least experienced players, because of the lack of ice time resources, a travel house coach is forced to find a happy medium somewhere in between what will satisfy all of his player’s developmental needs as equitably as possible. Unfortunately, the vast majority of the time there is no happy medium.

Usually the players who suffer the most are the ones on either end of the hockey skills spectrum. If the coach’s attempt to design his training is  for the players who are rated  5, then the 1’s become overwhelmed and the 10’s become bored. The result is that some players receive better training than others because there just aren’t enough coaches or resources to sufficiently train all of their players equally.

Coaches, in league play, will usually sprinkle the least experienced players into the lineup with their better players in order to bolster their teams’ lineup and hide the weaker kids’ deficiencies.

There is a simple and easy solution to this issue. Identify the better and the developing players and separate them before teams are formed.  Then Create teams of individuals with equal or fairly equal abilities and will allow coaches to establish uniform and appropriate training regimens that will focus on all the teams developmental needs.  The Northwest Hockey League has recognized the need to do this at the team level and thus, its seeding round.  The same should be done at the individual level.

5. Abolish rules that inhibit or prevent excellence.

Most of the time new rulings by our governing bodies will tend to have positive effects on our hockey community. Take for instance, the 7-Up-7 down rule for high school. For those who are not familiar with this rule, it allows high school coaches to move players up or down between the varsity and JV levels, allowing individual players participate in seven league games before they’re locked into one particular level for the rest of the season.

This is a good rule.  It sends a clear message to all players at both levels; that excellence and hard work will be rewarded and underachievement or laziness have consequences.

Unfortunately, there are those times when bureaucracies have a way of interfering with progress in the name of fairness or political correctness. I think we’ve all been put in the position, one time or another during our lives of relenting under pressure and making shortsighted decisions, not realizing their full impact later on down the road. And while there have been several rulings through the years that I believe should be altered, there’s one in particular that bothers me to no end.

I’m speaking about AHAI’s policy of forbidding park district programs to develop, or even apply for, travel program status. I know I am going to take a lot of heat for this statement – but here it goes.

The only organizations that benefit from this ruling are underachieving hockey programs that consistently hire less qualified coaches; those who make little or no attempt to properly coordinate skills and development training between the different teams, levels and age brackets.

Why flourishing park district programs should be forced to end their successful development of players whom they have nurtured since the very beginning, makes absolutely no sense? There are reasons why these programs are succeeding – and it’s not because there are roster spot openings.  Many of these programs have highly skilled and knowledgeable hockey directors and coaches who understand the nuances of hockey as well as the proper way to develop young hockey talent. It should make no difference whether the hockey director is getting paid by a municipality or a private organization; if they’re doing it right – who cares?

AHAI’s policy was ostensibly made in the name of fairness; to even the playing field between public and private organizations? Does it promote fairness, or does it merely prop up struggling or even dysfunctional travel organizations that can’t compete with the excellence in training that many of these municipal programs consistently offer?

Travel organizations that are struggling should not be allowed to even the playing field by avoiding the necessity of improving their methods of skills development training In the name of evening the playing field.  They ought to be required to raise their standards.  Let the strong programs survive and the weak ones go away quietly; if nothing else it will free up a few more ice slots that could be put to better use.

Much of the time the reason that these organizations struggle is not because of a lack of player talent, but because of a lack of coaching talent and boards of directors that ignore the need to coordinate the development between age levels.  How many of us, as parents, would pay for or even consider allowing our children in to go to a school where there were no short, medium, and long-term goals for their students; or even reasonable expectations of what the students will be accomplishing until they graduate? But it seems as if parents are more than willing to belly up to the bar, shelling out thousands, if not tens of thousands of dollars every year with hockey organizations that give little or no recognition to whether their player has been sufficiently developed to transition to the next level.

6. Realignment high school hockey with other traditional Winter sports

One year ago AHAI unveiled its ambitious plan to realign Illinois high school hockey to coincide with other traditional high school Winter sports. I was present at the first meeting; and it seemed to me that it wasn’t a matter of if this radical change was going to be implemented, but “when” the change was going to take place.

For anyone who hasn’t heard of this ambitious plan until now; our governing body AHAI would like to change our current winter hockey season formats of play currently used by our AA midget and high school hockey winter seasons and move towards the successful split season models used by states like Massachusetts and Minnesota.

Known as a high school-midget split hockey season, this plan would, in effect, shorten the high school hockey season by almost 50%, as well as realign high school hockey with other high school winter sports seasons. The new high school hockey season would start sometime in November with the state championship being determined a few weeks sooner than it is currently. During this abbreviated high school season AA and A midget play would cease, allowing travel hockey midget players to participate on their high school hockey teams.

Youth hockey midget play during this period would consist of players who don’t make the cuts for their high school programs or don’t go to high schools with hockey programs. These players would continue to play a midget hockey schedule that AHAI calls a midget light hockey season.  All Triple-A players would be exempt from this new format and continue their tier 1 league play as usual. Unfortunately, as the old saying goes, ‘the best laid plans of mice and men tend to go astray’. Since last February little has been mentioned about this change that at the time seemed so imminent.

Rumor has it that AHAI is being pressured to scrap the entire plan. If they were to buckle under this type of irrational pressure it would be great shame, as well as an opportunity wasted.

If implemented, these AA players would have the privilege representing their high schools in a much more competitive league environment during the new shorter high school season. These same players would also be able to compete with their youth hockey AA midget organizations in the fall and spring.

The athletically gifted athletes who participate in fall sports such as football or soccer would not be forced to make the wrenching decision, during their freshman year, of which sport to give up.  In a football rich state such as Illinois, too many of our best hockey talent is lost due to the overlapping fall schedule and the excessive length of our hockey season.

7. Restructure spring hockey by introducing small games

Years ago I was told by a hockey acquaintance of mine that spring hockey was meant to be used as a developmental tool to help improve our youth hockey players skills and knowledge of the game in a less formal and stressful environment than the regular-season. But, how many of you reading this actually believe that the reality of spring hockey lives up to its intended purpose?

It seems to me that spring hockey has evolved into a two-month extension of the regular season with few practices, meaningless hockey games and little or no hope for skills progression with respect to the individual player.

Decades ago European hockey authorities introduced small games hockey theory into their training practices and procedures. This philosophy embedded so early during young European hockey players’ development have produced many of the great European players that we see in the NHL today. Whether they’re moving to open ice without the puck or stickhandling in small spaces and traffic, the influence of small games training is clearly noticeable during every NHL broadcast if you know what to look for.

More and more, our governing bodies have been trying to put more emphasis on integrating small games training into our coaches training regiments. And while some coaches have answered the call, many others in our hockey community have not. The reluctance of some coaches to implement small games theory into their regular hockey season is somewhat understandable. Almost every coach has too little ice time and too much to teach before the playoffs roll around during the regular season to have the ability to implement any meaningful small games regimen into their practice schedule.

This is why springtime is the perfect opportunity to introduce 3 on 3 and small games theory for hockey players at all age levels and skill brackets. For those who wish to participate in spring hockey, this should be a time for these young players to get some relief from the pressure of the regular season by having the chance to play a less formal style of hockey with their neighborhood hockey buddies- in an environment that’s fun!

Small games and three on three leagues have been with us for years, since Rocky Saganiuk brought the idea to Illinois from Canada, but they are currently too few and far between to make a significant impact. Hopefully this will change in the foreseeable future.

What I love about three on three and small games is that there are no coaches telling the player that you’re doing something wrong or screaming at a young player because they weren’t in the right place or doing exactly what the coaches wanted at that time.

The beauty of small games, when introduced correctly, is that players actually learn so much more, in what appears to be an informal pond hockey type setting, than they ever could hope to learn in any three seasons of  regular spring hockey the way it is currently structured today. This is because each and every player who participates will touch, carry and shoot the puck, 5, 10 or maybe even 20 times more during an average session than they ever did in a regularly structured league hockey game.

These uncomfortable small areas in which players are forced to compete, force each and every player to establish new and higher-comfort levels, thereby very quickly raising their individual skills and quickness, as well as their knowledge of the game. This very effective time tested method of self teaching, pays huge dividends later on during a players development years.

8. Cooperation

One thing that has always bothered me about youth hockey in our state is the lack of cooperation at the organizational level. Not just the lack of cooperation within the organization, but also between our youth hockey organizations as well.

This lack of cooperation begins during the tryout process at the beginning of each season. Individual organizations will spend considerable time and effort promoting and advertising their programs for large turnouts before tryouts begin.  Unfortunately, after all the roster spots are filled the unlucky players and families who are left behind are usually left to fend for themselves; scrambling, often unsuccessfully, to find another program to roster with before it’s too late. Sometimes these unfortunate players get lucky and sometimes they don’t; many of these organizations not knowing or even caring what happens to them once the final cuts have been made.

These organizations have a larger responsibility; to assist each of those players, to the best of their ability, to help find alternative programs before it’s too late. I would like to think this is being done right now, but in the ultra competitive, cutthroat environment of travel hockey of our state, it’s highly unlikely that any significant change in inter-organizational cooperation will come anytime soon.

But it’s not only inter-organizational cooperation that needs improvement its intra-organizational cooperation as well. At this level the lack of cooperation has more to do with the interaction amongst the coaches, as well as the direction and leadership of the hockey director. In too many cases, once the coaches are hired there is little or no effort to coordinate the practices in tandem with other coaches within the program or even establish minimal and reasonable goals or guidelines to help develop individual players.

While the more qualified coaches do a wonderful job developing their talent during any one season, more often than not these coaches are left handing their players over the following year to less qualified and skilled coaches who usually find a way to unravel all that was accomplished the previous season. There’s an old saying in coaching: The coach who gets the benefit of your coaching is always next year’s coach.

9. Establish a quality assurance program at the organizational level

Wikipedia defines quality assurance as: the systematic monitoring and evaluation of various aspects of a project, service or facility to ensure that standards of quality are being met. In this service driven economy of ours, quality assurance or QA as it is known, is a fact of life for any business looking for an edge to stay in business. Unfortunately, this doesn’t seem to be the case within the overall sports world or hockey community in our country.

While searching for the most concise definition of quality assurance on the Internet, I thought it might be interesting to Google the phrase “quality assurance” just to see how many results I would get. If you Google just “quality assurance” you come up with 29,100,100 possibilities to select from. If you were to add the words sports or hockey to the search results narrow down just a bit.

By typing in the phrase “quality assurance sports” the list is reduced by 29,100,095 to a mere “five”. Of those 5, three are not in English. And finally if you spell “quality assurance hockey”, you come up with a big goose egg, “0”. I tried several other variations with the same result.

I guess quality assurance just really isn’t that big in the hockey community overall. Is this because quality assurance isn’t needed in the sport of hockey or because it may prove to many of us that some of our hockey emperor’s have a lot less clothing on than they would like us all to believe.

Of all my suggestions in this article I am sure this is going to be the most unpopular. Those who are familiar with what quality assurance is supposed to accomplish may perceive this idea as hockey’s version of Big Brother. If misused or unmonitored, those of you who believe this would probably be right.

With that being said, can any of us really say that overall, the hockey product that we have produced over the years has met or exceeded our customers expectations; our customers, being the players and parents who pay the bills?  My personal belief is that while we all believe, as hockey coaches and administrators, that we have tried our very best to train and develop our hockey talent, our best just hasn’t been good enough.

For as many years as youth hockey has been around in Illinois, we should be doing much better than we are today.  We are only kidding ourselves if we believe that the modest successes of those hard-working players from our state, who are now reaching higher levels of hockey success beyond high school, will continue in the future. With states such as California, Florida, and Texas just now making the jump to the next level of hockey proficiency, the gap will begin to close rapidly on us if our hockey community chooses to be too complacent.

One-way too assure that the people who are responsible for training our players don’t continue down this path of mediocrity, is to establish a verifiable quality assurance program at the organizational level that can reassure both players and parents that they’re getting their money’s worth. Implementing a radically new change such as this will not be easy. The fiercest resistance won’t come from those programs that have been offering quality training throughout the years. The loudest cries will come from the organizations with something to hide and especially the coaches who have been bluffing their way through the years, offering substandard training while they feed their own egos and wallets.

A program such as this, if done well, could be a model for the future, for other areas of the country to follow. As far as I know, it’s never been done before. Why not try it and see what happens?  Would we be any worse off than we are today?

10. Establish a voluntary coaching organization to supplement the mandatory training provided by USA hockey

If Illinois youth hockey ever wants to improve the quality and consistency of its players, it is going to have to improve the quality and consistency of the coaches who train them. While we are all thankful for USA hockey’s coaches training efforts throughout the years, it just hasn’t been enough to attain a high level of overall hockey proficiency to gain any significant ground on the hockey powers such as Minnesota, Massachusetts and Michigan.

The only way to properly build our coaching resources, as well as maintaining them, is to establish a voluntary supplemental coaching organization that will provide quality on and off ice instruction on a regular basis, that can focus on the deficiencies and specific needs of our coaches here in the state of Illinois. USA hockey’s coach’s cookie-cutter, one size fits all training, does not even begin to scratch the surface of the training needs of our coaches. If we really care about the future of youth hockey in our state we are going to have to do nothing less than reinvent the hockey coaches training wheel.

For years we have all heard the complaints from every corner of our hockey community about the quality (or lack of quality) of just about everybody and anybody who’s involved with hockey in our state. But ultimately, the reason we will succeed or fail in the future as a hockey community won’t be because of our players athletic abilities, or the hard-working efforts of our governing body and hockey administrators; our ultimate success or failure will rest (as it always has in the past) squarely on the shoulders of our coaches’ ability to train and develop all of our hockey players, at every level, to the best of their abilities.

Currently underway, is a grass roots effort to establish a coaching organization that all of you will be hearing more about in the near future. For those of you who wish to be involved – now is the time! We can all sit back and do nothing, continuing to whine and complain about the state of youth hockey Illinois. Maybe I am just being naïve, but I truly believe that the vast majority of our hockey community is looking for a reason, maybe just like this, to change the status quo and create something better for all of us involved in youth hockey, especially those wide-eyed youngsters who dream of NHL and Olympic glory.

If you truly care about and are concerned with the current state of youth hockey in Illinois, let your voice be heard by emailing me at paul@neckuphockey.com or leaving a comment below this article, that will  post on my blog at neckuphockey.com

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